Category Language

Translation of an Article by Gottlob Frege

Originally posted on Creativistic Philosophy:
I have published an article by German philosopher, mathematician and logican Gottlob Frege, and also an English translation of it. The English translation was prepared in a joint effort together with Tina Forsee. It replaces an earlier translation that I had published earlier this year. Several mistakes of the previous…

Translation of an Article by Gottlob Frege

I have published an article by German philosopher, mathematician and logican Gottlob Frege, and also an English translation of it. The English translation was prepared in a joint effort together with Tina Forsee. It replaces an earlier translation that I had published earlier this year. Several mistakes of the previous translation have been removed and […]

Creativity and Language

Speaking and understanding speech do not require that the “code” of the language used is completely defined in every detail. The listener (or reader) can still understand an utterance even without having complete knowledge of the exact meaning of all the words and of the exact details of the grammar. We are normally able to […]

What is Observable?

In a discussion with Werner Heisenberg, Albert Einstein once remarked that only theory determines what is observable. According to this view, there is no theory-free observation. Some thinkers in the Vienna Circle, i.e. the movement of logical empiricism, had tried to build the foundation of science on a language of theory-free “protocol sentences”. This idea […]

Are Human Beings Rational?

There is a long tradition to regard the human being as a rational creature. For example, Aristotle defined the human being as the “animal rationale“ or “zoon logon echon”. However, if we look at what humans think, say and write and how they behave, we will find a lot of behavior and thinking that we […]

Preliminary Notes on Semantics

A cognitive system that can be completely described by a formal theory would contain only a fixed and finite amount of information or knowledge. However, a cognitive system can be extensible, i.e. it can reprogram itself, if it is able to take up new information from some source, like the environment, and then use this […]

Cognitive Science and Philosophy of Science

In the previous article Changing the Mind I have argued that cognitive systems might be changed by new information they assimilate from the environment and incorporate into their structure. If new procedures and representations can arise in the mind, the original structures might completely fall into disuse. So it is possible that there is no […]